United States Patent is basically a "grant of rights" for a restricted period. In layman's terms, it is a contract in which the United States government expressly permits an personal or organization to monopolize a certain concept for a restricted time.

Typically, our government frowns upon any type of monopolization in commerce, due to the belief that monopolization hinders free of charge trade and competition, degrading our economic system. A good instance is idea patent the forced break-up of Bell Telephone some many years ago into the several regional phone companies. The government,...